Colorectal cancer is a significant health issue worldwide. This type of cancer is responsible for many deaths yearly, and it is essential to know more about it to prevent, detect, and treat it. Well, there are no worries lined with the advancements of technology in Healthcare. Several healthcare centers provide cancer treatment in Bangalore and globally around the world. However, there are most people who don’t even know what colorectal cancer is. Thus, for such people, this article covers everything about colorectal cancer, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
Table of Contents
What is colorectal cancer?
A kind of cancer that develops in the colon or rectum is called colorectal cancer, commonly referred to as bowel cancer. It is the third most common cancer in the world, with more than 1.8 million new cases and over 880,000 deaths annually. It can affect men and women, and its risk increases with age. Colorectal cancer can develop slowly over many years and may not cause symptoms until it has reached an advanced stage. It is, therefore, essential to be aware of the risk factors and undergo regular screening tests from professionals that provide cancer treatment in Bangalore.
What are the causes of colorectal cancer?
The exact cause of colorectal cancer is unknown, but it is believed to develop from polyps, which are small growths on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. These polyps can be non-cancerous, but some can develop into cancer. A family history of the illness, a personal experience with inflammatory bowel disease, a diet heavy in red or processed meat, a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and excessive alcohol use are some variables that may raise the chance of getting colorectal cancer. While some risk factors for colorectal cancer are uncontrollable, such as age and family history, adopting a healthy lifestyle and diet can help reduce the risk. Avoiding red and processed meats, increasing fibre intake, and maintaining a healthy weight are all critical factors in prevention.
What are the symptoms of colorectal cancer?
Early on, colorectal cancer may not exhibit any signs. Still, as it progresses, some common symptoms may include changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation, blood in the stool, abdominal pain, cramping, discomfort, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and weakness. It is important to note that other conditions may also cause these symptoms, so it is essential to consult a professional doctor who provides the best cancer treatment in Bangalore. Though, it is also important to note that not everyone with colorectal cancer experiences symptoms, which is why regular screening is vital for early detection. Those with a higher risk, such as those with a family history of the disease, should speak with their doctor about the appropriate screening schedule.
How is colorectal cancer diagnosed?
Colorectal cancer can be detected through various screening tests, such as a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or fecal occult blood test. These tests can detect polyps or cancer in the colon or rectum. The doctor may perform a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis if a polyp or cancer is found. Regular colon cancer screening is recommended for individuals over 50 or earlier if there are certain risk factors. The frequency and type of screening may vary depending on individual risk factors and preferences. Therefore, it is essential to discuss with a reputable professional who is popular providing the best cancer treatment in Bangalore or anywhere around you to determine the best screening schedule.
How is colorectal cancer treated and prevented?
Colorectal cancer treatment depends on the cancer stage, the patient’s age and health, and other factors. Surgery is the most common treatment involving removing the cancerous part of the colon or rectum. It is also possible to utilize a mix of radiation treatment and chemotherapy.
Prevention is critical in reducing the risk of developing colorectal cancer. Some ways to prevent it include maintaining a healthy diet high in fiber and low in red and processed meats, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and getting screened for colon cancer regularly.
Colorectal cancer is a severe health issue that can be prevented, detected, and treated. Knowing the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of this disease can help individuals and healthcare providers take steps to reduce its impact. It is essential to consult a doctor if any symptoms persist and to get screened regularly for colon cancer. By taking preventive measures, the incidence and death of colorectal cancer can be decreased globally.